The Intelligent Toll Road Traffic Control System

The Intelligent Toll Road Traffic Control System

Electronics & Communication Engineering, Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION Roads arguably are the lifeline of most economies. Fast, reliable roads that efficiently move people and goods are vital for sustaining populations and their economic development. Road transport continues to grow apace, with congestion and bottlenecks affecting an ever growing part of the network. But road infrastructure cannot be extended forever: we need better overall traffic management in order for it to be used to its full capacity. Though toll roads may mitigate infrastructure limitations, they can have diverse impacts on a region’s traffic, land use, economy and welfare [1]. An adaptive toll traffic control system must have the ability to diagnose saturation conditions in the network and change the objective function as desired. In older fixed-time systems, there were multiple timing plans, but now a modern…
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Automatic Plant Irrigator

Electronics & Communication Engineering, Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering
  1. INTRODUCTION The last two decades has witnessed a colossal advancement in the field of IT and communication systems. A major part of Indian villages still consist of farming community. But over the last two decades, Indian agriculture has undergone tremendous modernization too. We no more rely on monsoons for irrigating our fields. Instead we have started using motor to pump water to the fields which is controlled manually. Our current project is aimed at devising a completely automatic irrigation system. Automatic plant irrigator is basically an automatic control system to control the pumping of the water to the fields when actually required. Initially the system checks the humidity or the moisture content of the field. If the water content over a particular unit of area is below the…
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PC Remote Control – Control Laptop and Desktop using an Infrared Remote

Electronics & Communication Engineering, Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering
INTRODUCTION The convenience for selecting TV channels using our remote and then pointing the same remote to our computer so that we can control the whole system using the single remote control. The 8-bit micro controller is used to control all the system .An integrated infrared receiver is used to receive the infrared signal from the remote control handset .The received infrared signal is decoded by using the program which was written on the ROM of the microcontroller.The program then flashed on the ROM area.The flash memory is a type of EEPROM .The details of the switch pressed is sent to the pc through its serial port. This is widely used with multimedia applications for pc based home theatre system.   PROJECT DESCRIPTION The functioning of pc remote control can…
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Smart Office System – Innovative technique for the automation of a room

Electronics & Communication Engineering, Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering
  INTRODUCTION We introduce a innovative technique for the automation of a room.The main hardware of the system is a transmitter- receiver section which is used to keep the count of the people entering and leaving the room.If there is any person inside the room , the fan as well as the light will start working automatically . The switching on /off of the light depends on the surrounding light intensity also.The fan is temperature controlled that is it’s speed varies with temperature. The measurement of temperature is done using a temperature sensor LM35 and displayed with the help of a seven segment display. BLOCK DIAGRAM     BLOCK DIAGRAM  DESCRIPTION  POWER SUPPLY For the operation of most of the devices in electronic equipment, a dc voltage is needed. Batteries…
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Path Finding Robo

Electronics & Communication Engineering, Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering
INTRODUCTION Pathfinding in this context concerns the way in which a moving entity finds a path around an obstacle; the most frequent context is real time strategy. The purpose of this project was to apply principles of robotics to a real world application. The robotic technology has a vast application in automobile, mechanical, aeronautical, military as well as in satellites for its servo motions. The control and signals for the movement of the robotic is initiated by the user and he holds all the control of the system. The robot can be moved up, down, left, right with or without holding the object to that is to be placed. These systems can use microprocessor control or simple digital or analog control systems and are highly visual and entertaining to watch!…
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